A major study of the collapse of the Soviet Union-showing how Gorbachev's misguided reforms led to its demise

A major study of the collapse of the Soviet Union-showing how Gorbachev's misguided reforms led to its demise

In 1945 the Soviet Union controlled half of Europe and was a founding member of the United Nations. By 1991, it had an army four-million strong, five-thousand nuclear-tipped missiles, and was the second biggest producer of oil in the world. But soon afterward the union sank into an economic crisis and was torn apart by nationalist separatism. Its collapse was one of the seismic shifts of the twentieth century.

Thirty years on, Vladislav Zubok offers a major reinterpretation of the final years of the USSR, refuting the notion that the breakup of the Soviet order was inevitable. Instead, Zubok reveals how Gorbachev's misguided reforms, intended to modernize and democratize the Soviet Union, deprived the government of resources and empowered separatism. Collapse sheds new light on Russian democratic populism, the Baltic struggle for independence, the crisis of Soviet finances-and the fragility of authoritarian state power.


ISBN13: 9780300257304
Format: Hardback
Number of Pages: 560
Publication Date: 1 Oct 2021
Publisher: Yale University Press
Publication City, Country: United States
Dimensions (cm): 2.4(H) x 1.6(W) x 0.5(S)1106
Weight (gm): 1106

Author Biography

Vladislav M. Zubok is Professor of International History at the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is the author of A Failed Empire, Zhivago's Children, and The Idea of Russia.


"An excellent study...There have been several books over the past quarter century that have covered this territory. Zubok's is the most comprehensive, detailed and original."-Victor Sebestyen, The Sunday Times

"A compelling account. . . . [A] masterly analysis."-Joshua Rubenstein, Wall Street Journal

"Thoroughly and deeply researched and emotionally engaging for the reader, it is
difficult to envisage how there could be a better book on the subject."-Geoffrey Roberts, Irish Times

"Zubok...has cutting insights on the "who" and the "what" and the "where" and the "when"."-Gabriel Gavin, Reaction

"Such a huge event in world history as the collapse of the Soviet Union will undoubtedly be retold. When it is, Zubok's impressive book will have to be consulted."-James Rodgers, History Today

"The author seems to have read practically everything currently available, both published
and unpublished, of relevance to his subject...[Zubok] writes very stylish and idiomatic English, which makes his work a real pleasure to read."-Martin Dewhirst, East-West Review

"As lucid as it is even-handed, this book will become the new standard for anyone seeking to make sense of the chaos, optimism and foolishness that led to the end of Mikhail Gorbachev's attempts at reform and the downfall of the Soviet Union."-Dr Mark Galeotti, author of A Short History of Russia

"Vladislav Zubok observed the Soviet collapse for himself. He now retells the story with meticulous originality, using much new material, and convincingly deconstructs many simplistic preconceptions of how it all happened."-Sir Rodric Braithwaite, author of Moscow 1941: A City & Its People at War

"A drama of epic proportions, the Soviet collapse never looked so contingent on human courage and follies, accidents and missed opportunities, as in this book ... The best narrative of the Soviet Union's end we have so far."-Vladimir Pechatnov, co-editor of The Kremlin Letters

"This is a deeply researched indictment of Mikhail Gorbachev's timidity and mercurial policies that backfired. Zubok invokes George Kennan's hope at the dawn of the Cold War that the USSR would experience "gradual mellowing." Instead, Russia at the turn of the 21st century was ripe for the rise of Putin."-Strobe Talbott, Former US Deputy Secretary of State and author of The Great Experiment

"A deeply researched, gripping account of the final Soviet unravelling: Gorbachev's growing weakness, infighting among his opponents, breakaways to independence by the USSR's constituent republics, including Russia itself, all in the face of growing reluctance of the Bush administration and the Western alliance to help Gorbachev salvage a democratic union."-William Taubman, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Khrushchev: The Man and His Era, and of Gorbachev: His Life and Times.

Collapse: The Fall of the Soviet Union

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